Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint- Exupéry (1900-1944), was a French aristocrat who was known as a pioneering aviator and writer. He is best known for his novella The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince) and for his memoir Wind, Sand and Stars. He received several of France's highest literary awards and the United States National Book Award. His plane went missing over the Mediterranean Sea in July 1944. He is believed to have passed away at that time.