Book Cover
Madhubani Art
Indian Art Series
Paper Type: Art Paper (Matt) | Size: 245 x 210mm
All colour; 75 photographs
 Art

 1000 |  30 |  17

Madhubani, literally meaning madhu (honey) and ban (forest), i.e., a forest of honey, is a folk art form of the Mithila region of Bihar and parts of Nepal. Its origin is believed to go back to the ancient era of the Ramayana, when the town was decorated by inhabitants of the region for the wedding of Lord Rama and Sita with elaborate wall paintings and murals. The philosophy of Madhubani art is essentially based on the principle of dualism. The artscape appears inundated with divine deities, the sun and moon, and flora and fauna along with features found in Buddhism, Islamic Sufism, tantric symbols and classical Hinduism. Primarily a significant socio-cultural engagement for the womenfolk of Bihar, this art was a welcome break from their daily drudgery. Immersed in the folklore of Mithila, fresh forms and figures are painted and repainted on walls and floors of their homes to mark special occasions. Well-established procedures are followed and techniques are passed on from one generation to the next, keeping the ephemeral art form and ancestral tradition and its lore alive.Madhubani artists today are seen to work more with brushes and acrylic paint rather than natural dyes and pigments. They now also work on paper, cloth, canvas and wood to create art and artifacts, besides painting on walls and floors.


Bharti Dayal
Bharti Dayal
Author
Bharti Dayal, born at Samastipur, grew up in Darbhanga district of Bihar in Mithila region known for Madhubani folk style of painting. Though her formal education was in science and she holds a master's degree in the subject with a gold medal, she continued to learn painting from her mother and elders in the family. Showing professionally since 1991, her work has been exhibited in numerous shows across India and internationally. Winner of the State, National, AIFACS and Millennium Art awards, she has also been helping promote work by women of her native village. Bharti lives in Delhi and works from her studio at home.